Curriculum Vitae of Jean-Philippe PLATTEAU

 

 

Contact information

 

Office: Department of economics, Faculté des sciences économiques, sociales et de gestion, Rempart de la Vierge 8 B-5000 Namur, Belgium

Office phone : 32-81-724860

Office Fax : 32-81-724840

Email : jean-philippe.platteau@fundp.ac.be

Private address : Rue de la fontaine Colin 4 B-5100 Naninne Belgium

 

Personals

 

Place and date of birth: Tournai, August 22, 1947.

Married to Nicole Moguilevsky

Three children: Stefan, Corentin, and Alexis.

 

Professional positions

 

Diplomas:

BA in economics, University of Namur, 1966 ;

Master in economics, University of Namur, 1969 ;

Military obligations, 1970-1971 ;

PhD in economics, University of Namur, 1977.  For the period of my PhD, I benefited from a grant provided by the National Fund for Scientific Research (FNRS), Belgium (during the first year, with the status of Stagiaire, then, during the five succeeding years, with that of Aspirant).

 

Academic career

I was appointed associate professor at the Faculty of economics and social sciences, department of economics, upon completion of my PhD and became an active professor upon my return from a research stay in India (end of 1979-beginning of 1981).  Since then, I have exercised my professional activities in the same institution, gradually moving from the associate professor position to that of full professor (1983), and that of a full ordinary professor (1990).

 

Teaching responsibilities

 

At the BA level, I have taught the main course of Microeconomics during about ten years, I have taught a course on Introduction to development economics, and given a seminar on the Economics of Famines to this date.

 

At the MA level, my teaching duties concern or have concerned the following courses:

Development policies (Employment and Technological Choice),

Institutional economics (Contracts and property rights),

Foundations of capitalism.

 

At the PhD level, I am teaching an advanced course on Microeconomics applied to development.

 

Research interests

 

Most of my work has been concerned with the understanding of the role of institutions in economic development, and the processes of institutional change, especially under the joint impact of population growth and market penetration.  The influence of non economic factors and various frontier issues at the interface between economics and sociology, are a central focus of my research projects, hence my continuous interest in other social sciences than economics and my continuous emphasis on the potential contributions of sociology to the field of economics in general, and economic development in particular.   As a matter of application, my attention has mostly centered on agrarian institutions in developing countries, implying that many of my contributions have a detailed empirical basis, always grounded in original first-hand data collected on the field of several poor economies in Asia and SubSaharan Africa. The most important themes in my research are the following: the determinants of village-level collective action, and the impact of wealth inequality on its level and efficiency (with special reference to the production of local public goods and the management of local natural resources); common property resource management in village societies; informal risk-sharing mechanisms; rules, including inheritance customs, governing access to land and other natural resources, and their transformation under the influence of increasing land pressure; the development and functioning of land markets under the same influence; choice of contracts in artisanal fisheries; systems of marriage payments and their evolution in Africa; the role of social and moral norms in economic development; effectiveness of aid; aid, governance and ‘elite capture’.

 

Academic responsibilities

 

I have exercised the directorship of the department of economics at the university of Namur during ten years (1990-2000).

I have been the representative of the Faculty of economics and business management at the Research Council of the university of Namur (1998-2002).

I have been member of the Governing Body of the University Foundation for International Development Cooperation (FUCID) during 1995-2000.

I am currently a member of the Mandate Commission of the National Fund for Scientific Research (FNRS) for the field of Economics and business management.

I am currently the President of the Commission of the National Fund for Scientific Research (FNRS) for PhD Schools in Economics and business management.

Since its creation in 1994, I am the director of the Centre for Research in the Economics of Development (CRED) at the university of Namur.

 

 

 Fellowships and editorial responsibilities

 

I have been a member of the network “The Moral and Social Dimensions of Microeconomic Behavior in Low-Income Communities” supported by the Pew Trust Fund.

            I am the president of the European Development Network (EUDN) which works as a European association of development economists, and whose secretariate is currently at Namur.

            I am member of the Board of the Global Development Network (GDN), of which EUDN is a member network, and whose secretariate is located in Delhi.

            Besides being associate editor of several development journals (Journal of Development Studies, World Development (till 2000), Development and Change, and Oxford Development Studies), I am active as referee for the following journals: American Economic Review, Journal of Political Economy, Economic Journal, Journal of Development Economics, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Journal of Public Economics, Journal of African Economies, World Development, World Bank Economic Review, Journal of Development Studies, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Land Economics, Environment and Development Economics, Development and Change.

 

 

Awards

 

Dudley Seers Prize, for the best paper of the year in the Journal of Development Studies (1996).

Franqui Chair at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (1999-2000);

Featuring in the “Who is Who in Economics” (being one of the 1,000 most cited economists in the world).

 

 

Publications

 

Books

 

2010, Culture and Development: New Insights Into an Old Debate, Routledge, London (Co-edited with Robert Peccoud).

2000, Institutions, Social Norms and Economic Development, Harwood Academic Publishers.

2001, (with A. de Janvry, E. Sadoulet, and G. Gordillo, editors), Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action, Oxford : Clarendon Press.

(with J.M. Baland) 1996, Halting Degradation of Natural Resources: Is There a Role for Rural Communities?, Clarendon Press, Oxford (printed in paperback form in 2000)

1992, Land Reform and Structural Adjustment in SubSaharan Africa: Controversies and Guidelines,  FAO, Rome.

(with J. Murickan and E. Delbar) 1985, Technology, Credit and Indebtedness in Marine Fishing - A Case Study of Three Fishing Villages in South Kerala, Hindustan Publishing Co., Delhi.

1978, Les économistes classiques et le sous-développement, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 2 Vols.

(with J.-A. Morales), 1977, Le développement des pays pauvres - Quelques aspects d'un problème actuel, Presses Universitaires de Namur.


 

Articles and book chapters (refereed)

 

2011, “Political Instrumentalization of Islam and the Risk of Obscurantist Deadlock”, World Development (forthcoming).

(with P. Sekeris) 2010, “On the Feasibility of Power and Status Ranking in Traditional Setups”, Journal of Comparative Economics, (forthcoming).

(with F. Gaspart) 2010, “Strategic Behaviour and Marriage Payments -Theory and Evidence from Senegal”, Economic Development and Cultural Change (October, forthcoming).

(with T. Goetghebuer) 2010, “Inheritance Patterns in Migration-Prone Communities of the Peruvian Highlands”, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 93, N° 1, pp. 71-87.

2010, “Culture and Development: An Overview”.  In: Platteau, J.P., and R. Peccoud (Eds.).  Culture and Development: New Insights Into an Old Debate, Chap. 1. Routledge, London.

(with R. Peccoud) 2010, “Revisiting the Role of  Culture”.  In: Platteau, J.P., and R. Peccoud (Eds.).  Culture and Development: New Insights Into an Old Debate, Chap. 11. Routledge, London.

2009, “Political Instrumentalization of Religion: The Case of Islam”, Nordic Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 35, forthcoming.

(with F. Gaspart) 2009, “Strategic Behaviour and Marriage Payments –Theory and Evidence from Senegal », Economic Development and Cultural Change, forthcoming.

(with T. Goetghebuer) 2009, “Inheritance Patterns in Migration-Prone Communities of the Peruvian Highlands”, Journal of Development Economics, forthcoming.

2009, “Institutional Obstacles to African Economic Development: State, Ethnicity, and Custom”, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Vol. 71, Issue 3, pp. 669-689.

2009, “Information Distortion, Elite Capture, and Task Complexity in Decentralised Development”, in: Ahmed, E., and G. Brosio (Eds), “Does Decentralisation Enhance Service Delivery and Poverty Reduction?”, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, and Nothampton, USA, pp. 23-72.

2008, ‘Pitfalls of Participatory Development”, in United Nations, Participatory Governance and the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs), Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, New York, pp. 127-159.

2008, “Land Inheritance Patterns”, in Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History, Oxford University Press.

2008, “Common Property Resources”, in: Durlauf, S.N., and L. E. Blume (eds.), The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Palgrave Macmillan (2nd edition).

 “Efficient Property Rights: The Contribution of Transaction Cost Economics, in Dutt, A.K., and J. Ros (eds), International Handbook of Development Economics, London: Edward Elgar, forthcoming.

2008, “Religion, Politics, and Development: Lessons from the Lands of Islam”, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Vol. 68, Issue 2, pp. 329-351.

2008, “The Causes of Institutional Inefficiency: A Development Perspective”, in Brousseau, E., and Glachant (eds.), New Institutional Economics.  A Textbook, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 437-456.

(with J.M. Baland) 2008, “Institutions, Property Rights and Development”, in A.K. Dutt and J. Ros (Eds), International Handbook of Development Economics, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, and Northampton, USA, pp. 394-406.

2008, “Managing the Commons: The Role of Social Norms and Beliefs”, in Bardhan, P., and I. Ray, The Contested Commons: Conversations Between Economists and Anthropologists, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 25-45.

(with F. Gaspart), 2007, “The Perverse Effects of High Brideprices”, World Development, Vol. 35, N° 7, pp. 1221-1236.

(with J.M. Baland, F. Gaspart, and F. Place), 2007, “The Distributive Impact of Land Markets in Uganda”, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 55, N° 2, pp. 283-311.

(with E. Seki), 2007, “Heterogeneity, Social Esteem and the Feasibility of Collective Action”, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 83, N° 2, pp. 302-325.

2007, “Développement participative et precipitation: une association contre-productive?”, Revue de L’Institut de Sociologie, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Vol. 1, N° 4, pp. 17-30.

2006, “Solidarity Norms and Institutions in Agrarian Societies : Static and Dynamic Considerations”, in S. Kolm, J. Mercier-Ythier, and G. Varet (eds.), Handbook on Gift-Giving, Reciprocity and Altruism, Amsterdam: North-Holland and Elsevier, pp. 819-886.

 (with J.M. Baland), 2007, “Collective Action and the Commons: The Role of Inequality”, in J.M. Baland, P. Bardhan and S. Bowles (eds), Inequality, Cooperation and Environmental Sustainability, Princeton & Oxford: Princeton University Press, pp. 10-35.

(with F. Gaspart), 2007, “Heterogeneity and Collective Action for Effort Regulation: Lessons from the Senegalese Small-Scale Fisheries”, in J.M. Baland, P. Bardhan and S. Bowles (eds) Inequality, Cooperation and Environmental Sustainability, Princeton University Press, pp. 159-204.

 (with T. Goetghebuer), 2005, “Community Ties and Land Inheritance in the Context of Rising Outside Opportunities: Evidence from the Peruvian Highlands”, in Barrett, C. (ed), The Social Economics of Poverty: Identities, Groups, Communities and Networks, London & New York: Routledge, pp. 361-401.

2004, “The Gradual Erosion of the Social Security Function of Customary Land Tenure Arrangements: The Case of Tribal Societies in SubSaharan Africa”, in S. Dercon (ed.), Insurance Against Poverty, Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 247-278.

(with T. Strzalecki), 2004, “Collective Action, Heterogeneous Loyalties, and Path Dependence: Micro-Evidence from Senegal”, Journal of African Economies, Vol. 13, N°3 pp. 417-445.

2004, “Monitoring Elite Capture in Community-Driven Development”, Development and Change, Vol. 35, N° 2, pp. 223-246.

2004, “Decentralized Development as a Strategy to Reduce Poverty”?, in: Agence Française de Développement, “Poverty, Inequality and Growth”, Proceedings of the AFD-EUDN Conference, 2003, Paris, pp. 253-330.

            (with J.M. Baland), 2004, “Droits de propriété et gestion efficace des ressources naturelles”, in Poullet, Y., P. Wéry, and P. Wynants (eds.), Liber Amicorum Michel Coipel, Bruxelles : Editions Kluwer, pp. 53-72.

2004, “Institutional and Distributional Aspects of Sustainability in Community-Driven Development”, in George Keith Pitman, Osvaldo N. Feinstein and Gregory K. Ingram (editors), "Evaluating Development Effectiveness: Challenges and the Way Forward", New Brunswick & London, Transaction Publishers (forthcoming).

2004, “Community-Based Development in the Context of Within Group Heterogeneity”, in: Bourguignon, F. and B. Pleskovic (eds), Proceedings of the Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics 2004, Washington DC: The World Bank, pp. 241-270.                  

2003, “Order, the Rule of Law and Moral Norms”, in Toye, J. (ed.), Trade and Development: Directions for the Twenty-first Century, Cheltenham, UK & Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar, pp. 218-267.

 (with A. Abraham), 2004, “Participatory Development: Where Culture Creeps In”, in V. Rao, and M. Walton (eds), Culture and Public Action, Stanford-California: Stanford University Press, pp. 210-233.

(with F. Gaspart), 2003 “The Risk of Resource Misappropriation in Community-Based Development Projects”, World Development, Vol. 31, N° 10, pp. 1687-1703.

(with J.M. Baland), 2003, “Economics of Common Property Management Regimes”, in Mähler, G., and J. Vincent (eds), Handbook of Environmental Economics,  Amsterdam; North-Holland, Chap. 4, pp. 127-90.

 (with A.S. Brasselle and F. Gaspart), 2002, “Land Tenure Security and Investment Incentives: Puzzling Evidence from Burkina Faso”, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 67, pp. 373-418.

(with A. Abraham), 2002, “Participatory Development in the Presence of Endogenous Community Imperfections”, Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 39, N° 2, pp. 104-136.

 (with F. Gaspart), 2002, “Collective Action for Local-Level Effort Regulation : An Assessment of Recent Experiences in Senegalese Small-Scale Fisheries”, in F. Stewart, R. Thorp, and J. Heyer (eds), Group Behaviour and Development, Oxford : Oxford University Press, pp. 75-103.

 (with A. Abraham), 2001, “Imperfections des communautés rurales traditionnelles et développement participatif”, Revue d’Economie du Développement, N° 1-2, pp. 197-231.

(with A. de Janvry, G. Gordillo and E. Sadoulet), 2001,  “Access to Land and Land Policy Reforms”, in de Janvry, A., G. Gordillo, J.P. Platteau, and E. Sadoulet (eds.), Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action, Oxford : Oxford University Press, pp. 1-26.

(with J.M. Baland), 2001, “Impartible Inheritance Versus Equal Division : A Comparative Perspective Centered on Europe and SubSaharan Africa”, in  de Janvry, A., G. Gordillo, J.P. Platteau, and E. Sadoulet (eds.), Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action, Oxford : Oxford University Press, pp. 27-67.

(with A. Abraham and J.M. Baland), 2000-2001, “Groupes informels de solidarité dans un bidonville du Tiers-Monde: La cas de Kibera, Nairobi (Kenya)”, Revue Sénégalaise de Sociologie, N° 4-5, pp. 263-294.

(with E. Seki), 2001, “Coordination and Pooling Arrangements in Japanese Coastal Fisheries”, in M. Aoki and Y. Hayami (eds.), Community and Market in Economic Development, Oxford : Clarendon Press, pp. 344-402.

“Does Africa Need Land Reform ?”, 2000, in Toulmin, C., and J. Quan (eds.) Evolving land Rights, Policy and Tenure in Africa, IIED Bookshop, London, pp. 51-73.  

2000, “Allocating and Enforcing Property Rights in Land : Informal versus Formal Mechanisms in SubSaharan Africa”, The Nordic Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 26, Issue 1, pp. 55-81.

(with J.M. Baland), 1999, “The Ambiguous Impact of Inequality on Local Resource Management”, World Development, Vol. 27, N° 5, pp. 773-788.

(with F. Gaspart, M. Jabbar, and C. Mélard), 1998, “Participation in the Construction of a Local Public Good with Indivisibilities : An Application to Watershed Development in Ethiopia”, Journal of African Economies, Vol. 7, N° 2, pp. 157-184.

            (with C. André) 1998, “Land Relations Under Unbearable Stress: Rwanda Caught in the Malthusian Trap”, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization,  Vol. 34, N° 1, pp. 1-47.

(with Y. Hayami) 1998, “Resource Endowments and Agricultural Development: Africa versus Asia”, in Aoki, M., and Y. Hayami (eds), The Institutional Foundations of East Asian Economic Development, London: Macmillan, pp. 357-410.

(with J.M. Baland), 1998, “Dividing the Commons −A Partial Assessment of the New Institutional Economics of Property Rights”, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 80, August, pp. 644-650.

(with J.M. Baland) 1998, , “Wealth Inequality and Efficiency on the Commons –Part II : the Regulated Case”, Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 50, N° 1, pp. 1-22.

(with J.M. Baland) 1997, “Wealth Inequality and Efficiency on the Commons –Part I : the Unregulated Case”, Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 49, N° 3, pp. 451-482.

1997, “Partage des risques dans les sociétés agraires traditionnelles”, Risques,  N° 29, janvier-mars, pp. 41-61.

(with J.M. Baland) 1997, “Coordination Problems in Resource Conservation Programs”, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 50, N° 2, pp. 197-210.

1997, “Mutual Insurance as an Elusive Concept in Traditional Rural Societies”, Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 33, N° 6, pp. 764-96.

1997, “Comment on ‘Rural Finance in Africa: Institutional Developments and Access for the Poor’, by Ernest Aryeetey”, Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics —1996,  Washington, DC: The World Bank, pp. 174-179.

1997, “Reforming Land Rights in Sub-Saharan Africa”, Journal für Entwicklungspolitik, Vol. XIII, N° 1, 1997, pp. 57-98.

1997, “The Social Conditions of the Market: A Rejoinder”, Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 33, N° 5, pp. 714-717.

1996, “The Evolutionary Theory of Land Rights As Applied to SubSaharan Africa : A Critical Assessment”, Development and Change,  Vol. 27, N° 1, pp. 29-86.

1996, “Physical Infrastructure as a Constraint on Agricultural Growth: The Case of Sub-saharan Africa”, Oxford Development Studies, Vol. 24, N° 3, pp. 189-219.

1995, “A Framework for the Analysis of Evolving Patron-Client Ties”, World Development, Vol. 23, N° 4, pp. 767-786.

1995, “An Indian Model of Aristocratic Patronage”, Oxford Economic Papers , Vol. 47, N° 4, pp. 636-662.

(with J.M. Baland) 1995, “Should Common Property Resources be Privatized ?  A Reexamination of the Tragedy of the Commons”, in P. Terhal and J.G. De Vries (eds), Development, Transformation and State Policy, Manohar Pub, Delhi, pp. 31-52.

1994, “Behind the Market Stage Where Real Societies Exist –Part I: The Role of Public and Private Order Institutions”, Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 30, N° 3, pp. 533-577.

1994, “Behind the Market Stage Where Real Societies Exist –Part II: The Role of Moral Norms”, Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 30, N° 4, pp. 386-422.

1992, “Share Contracts and Their Rationale: Lessons from Marine Fishing”, Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 28, No. 3, 386-422.                                                                                1992, “Small-scale Fisheries and the Evolutionist Theory of Institutional Development”, in Tvedten, I., and B. Hersoug (eds.), Fishing for Development - Small-scale Fisheries in Africa, Uppsala : Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, 91-114.

1991, “Traditional Systems of Social Security and Hunger Insurance: Past Achievements and Modern Challenges”, in E. Ahmad, J. Drèze, J. Hills and A.K. Sen (eds.), Social Security in Developing Countries, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 112-170.

1991, “A Proposal for Cooperative Relief of Debt in Africa” (with J. Drèze, A. Kervyn and P. Reding), in Steinherr, A., and D. Weiserbs, Evolution of the International and Regional Monetary Systems - Essays in Honour of Robert Triffin, Macmillan, London, 170-197.

1991, “The Social Prerequisites of the Market” (Sotsialnye Predposilki Rinka ), Eco, Novosibirsk.

1990, “The Food Crisis in Africa: A Comparative Structural Analysis”, in J. Drèze and A.K. Sen (eds.), The Political Economy of Hunger, Vol. II : Famine Prevention,  Clarendon Press, Oxford, 279-387. (Also reprinted in Drèze, J., A.K. Sen, and A. Hussain (eds), The Political Economy of Hunger - Selected Essays, 1995, Oxford : Charendon Press, pp. 445-553.)

1989, “The Dynamics of Fisheries Development in Industrializing Countries : A General Overview”, in : J.-Ph. Platteau, (ed.), The Transformation of Third World Fisheries, Development and Change, Vol. 20, N° 4, pp. 565-597.

1989, “Penetration of Capitalism and Persistence of Small-scale Organizational Forms in Third World Fisheries”, in: J.-Ph. Platteau, (ed.), The Transformation of Third World Fisheries, Development and Change, Vol. 20, N° 4, pp. 621-651.

1987, “An Inquiry into Quasi-credit Contracts: The Role of Reciprocal Credit and Interlinked Deals in Small-scale Fishermen Communities”, (with A. Abraham), Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 23, N° 4, pp. 461-90.

1986, “La fonction euphémisante et mystificatrice de l’aide”, in : X. Dijon et J. Burton, (eds.), Dis-moi qui tu aides ..., Presses Universitaires de Namur, pp. 183-216.

1985, “The Political Economy of John Stuart Mill or the Coexistence of Orthodoxy, Heresy and Prophecy”, International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 12, N° 1, pp. 3-26; reprinted in M. Blaug (eds.), Pioneers in Economics, Vol. 16 : Thomas-Robert Malthus and John Stuart Mill, Edward Elgar, Brookfield, 1991, pp. 107-130.  [Also translated into Italian in P. Roggi (eds.), 1985, Gli economisti e la politica economica, Napoli : Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, pp. 167-99].

1985, “India as an Engine of Green Revolution in Africa”, in : W.M. Callewaert and R. Kumar, (eds.), E.E.C. - India : Towards a Common Perspective, Peeters, Leuven, pp. 86-104 (also published in German in Journal für Entwicklungspolitik, Heft 3, 1985, pp. 77-96).

1984, “The Drive towards Mechanization in Small-scale Fisheries: A Microstudy of the Transformation Process of Traditional Village Societies”, Development and Change, Vol. 15, N° 1, pp. 65-103.

1984, “Malthus et le sous-développement ou le problème de la cohérence d'une théorie”, Revue économique, Vol. 35, N° 4, pp. 635-66.

(with A. Abraham) 1984, “Credit as an Insurance Mechanism in the Backward Rural Areas of Less Developed Countries”, Savings and Development, Vol. 8, N° 2, pp. 115-133.

1984, “Das Paradoxon des Staates in Wirtschaftlich Rückständingen Ländern”, Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie, Vol. 9, N° 4, pp. 63-87.

1983, “Classical Economics and Agrarian Reforms in Overpopulated Areas: The Radical Views of the two Mills”, Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 19, N° 4, pp. 453-60.

 

 

Recent communications

 

*   

"On the Feasibility of Power in Traditional Setups" (Conférence, University of Oslo, Norway, 2008)

"Using the Modern Law to Change the Custom" (Séminaire, Centre for Study of African Economies (CSAE), Department of Economics, University of Oxford, 2008)

"Using the Modern Law to Change the Custom" (Séminaire, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich, 2008)

"Using the Modern Law to Change the Custom", Presentation at the Workshop on Institutions (Conférence, Edinburgh, University of Edinburgh, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE), 2008)

"On the feasibility of power in traditional setups" (Séminaire, Gothenburg, University of Gothenburg, School of Business, Economics and Law, Dept of economics, 2008)

"L'Islam est-il un obstacle au développement?", Société Royale d'Economie Politique de Belgique, Brussels. (Séminaire, Brussels, 2008)

"Politics and Ethnicity in SubSaharan Africa", Presentation to the International Conference on "World Inequality: A Challenge to Globalisation", Egmont-Royal Institute for International Relations, Brussels. (Conférence, Brussels, 2008)

"Does Religion Matter for Development? Insights from the Middle East and Other Regions of the World", ERF (Economics Research Forum) 14th Annual Conference on the theme "Institutions and Economic Development". (Conférence, Cairo, 2008)

Religion, Politics and Development: Lessons from the Lands of Islam, Presented to the First ENER (European Network on the Economics of Religion) Workshop, Granada (Conférence, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain, 2007)

Religion, Politics, and Development: Lessons from the Lands of Islam (Séminaire, United Nations University (UNU), Maastricht, 2007)

"The Custom in the Shadow of the Modern Law: An Economic Analysis of Legal Pluralism", International Conference on "Land Tenure and Policy Reform in Ghana" (Conférence, Accra, Ghana, Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER), University of Legon, 2007)

"The Pitfalls of Participatory Development", Presented to the Seminar on "Effectiveness of decentralized strategies and outcomes" (Séminaire, Torino, Collegio Carlo Alberto, Centro Studi sul Federalismo, 2007)

"An Economic Analysis of Legal Pluralism", Presented to the ISNIE Conference on "Comparative Institutional Analysis: Economics, Politics, and Law". (Conférence, Reykyavik, University of Iceland, 2007)

"Religion, Politics, and Development: Lessons from the Lands of Islam" (Séminaire, The Hague, Institute of Social Studies (ISS), 2007)

"Religion, Politics and Development: Lessons from Europe and the Lands of Islam", International Labour Office, Training Centre, Torino (Conférence, Torino, Italia, 2007)

"The Sources of Institutional Inefficiency", Parts 1, 2, 3, and 4. (Formation, Torino, Italia, 2007)

"The Perverse Effects of Cheap Aid Money" (Séminaire, Université Paris I Sorbonne, Département d'Economie, 2007)

"The Impact of Inequality on Efficiency -with special reference to the management of village-level natural resources", Cours donné dans la maîtrise en Economie du développement et transition, Université de Paris I, Sorbonne (Formation, Université Paris I Sorbonne , 2007)

"A Comparative Institutional Analysis of Property Rights Regimes", Cours donné dans la Maîtrise en Economie du Développement et Transition, Université Paris I Sorbonne (Formation, Université Paris I Sorbonne, 2007)

"Is Culture an Obstacle to African Economic Development?", Paper presented at the First IERC Conference on "The Economic Performance of Civilizations- Roles of Culture, Religion and the Law". (Conférence, Los Angeles, Ca University of Southern California, Institute for Economic Research on Civilizations, 2007)

"On the Feasibility of Power and Status Ranking" (Séminaire, Paris, Delta, 2007)

"The economic approach to the community", Department of economics (Economix), Paris-Nanterre university. (Conférence, Paris, Université Paris-Nanterre (Paris X), 2006)

"On the Feasibility of Power and Status Ranking in Traditional Setups", Department of economics (Economix), Paris-Nanterre University. (Séminaire, Paris, Université Paris-Nanterre (Paris X) , 2006)

*     "Community Property versus Private Property: An Institutional Analysis", Department of economics (Economix), Paris-Nanterre University. (Séminaire, Paris, Université Paris-Nanterre (Paris X)., 2006)

*     "Collective Action and Production of Local Public Goods: Managing Natural Resources at Village Level", Department of economics (Economix), Paris-Nanterre University. (Séminaire, Paris, Université de Paris-Nanterre (Paris X)., 2006)

*     "Are Formal and Informal Rules Complementary or Substitutes?", International Seminar on "Informal Institutions and Development", OECD, Paris. (Conférence, Paris, OECD., 2006)

*     "Is Religion an Obstacle to Economic Development in the Middle East?", Thorolf Rafto Memorial Symposium, "Human Rights and Economic Development", Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Bergen, Norway. (Conférence, Bergen, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration., 2006)

*     "Heterogeneity, Social Esteem and Feasibility of Collective Action", Development Economics Annual Conference, November 22, CMI (Christian Michielsen Institute), Bergen, Norway. (Conférence, CMI (Christian Michielsen Institute), Bergen, Norway, 2006)

*     "Land Markets and Social Inequality -Contrasting Experiences from Rwanda and Uganda", Mansholt Seminar, University of Wageningen (Séminaire, University of Wageningen, Netherlands , 2006)

*     "The Determinants of Growth in Africa: What Do We Know?", at the Conference on "The African Economic Outlook 2006: What Drivers of Growth for Africa?", European Community, DG VIII, Brussels. (Séminaire, Brussels European Community, 2006)

*     Conference (Opening speech): "Religion, Politique et Développement", at the 7èmes Journées Scientifiques du Réseau "Analyse Economique et Développement" de l'AUF on the theme "Institutions, développement économique et transition". (Conférence, Paris, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), 2006)

*     “Agricultural Institutions in SubSaharan Africa: The Critical Role of Technical Progress and Infrastructure” (Colloque, University of Manchester, UK, World Poverty Institute Task Force on Africa, 2006) (This is the first meeting of the Task Force on Africa led by J. Stiglitz within the framework of the Initiative for Policy Dialogue).

*     “Heterogeneity, Social Esteem and the Feasibility of Collective Action” (Conférence, Paris, IAREP-SABE Conference 2006 on "Behavioural Economics and Economic Psychology", 2006)

*     “The Perverse Effects of Cheap Aid Money” (Conférence, Helsinki, WIDER Conference on "Aid: Principles, Policies and Performance", 2006)

*     “Does Religion Matter for Development?” (Conférence, Torino, International Labour Office (Training campus), 2006)

*     “Heterogeneity, Social Esteem and the Feasibility of Collective Action” (Conférence, London, Brunel university, 2006)

*     “The Perverse Effect of Cheap Aid Money” (Conférence, CSAE Conference on "Reducing Poverty and Inequality: How can Africa be Included?" Oxford Univ. , 2006)

*     “The Perverse Effects of Cheap Aid Money” (Séminaire, Department of Economics, University of Nottingham, 2005)

*     “A Leader-Disciplining Mechanism in Decentralized Development Aid Programmes” (Conférence, Department of Economics, Université Catholique de Louvain-La-Neuve, 2005)

*     “Politics and Religion in the Land of Islam” (Conférence, Berlin , 2005). International Policy Workshop: "Development and the Next Generation", in preparation on the World Development Report 2007.

*     “Governance in Decentralized Development Aid Programs” (Conférence, WIDER (World Institute for Development Economics Research), Helsinki, 2005) WIDER Jubilee Conference: "Thinking Ahead: The Future of Development Economics".

*     “Heterogeneity, Social Esteem and Income Pooling: Theory and Evidence from Japanese Fishing Groups” (Séminaire, CERDI, Université de Clermont-Ferrand, 2005) Journée de l'AFSE (Association Française de Science Economique).

*     Participation in the roundtable: "Recent Lessons from Economics for the Definition of Cooperation Policies in Developing Countries. (Conférence, CERDI, Université de Clermont-Ferrand, 2005). Journées de l'AFSE (Association Française de Science Economique).

*     “Conditional Inheritance : Evidence from the Peruvian Highlands” (Séminaire, Free University of Amsterdam, 2005)

*     “Heterogeneity, Social Esteem and Income Pooling: Theory and Evidence from Japanese Fishing Group” (Conférence, Rockefeller Foundation Conference Centre, Bellagio, Italy, 2005). Conference on "the Social Dynamics and the Microeconomics of Poverty.

*     “The Role of Trust in Market Development” (Séminaire, International Labour Office and Torino University, Italy, 2005)

*     “Disciplining Local Leaders in Community-Based Development Programmes” (Conférence, University of Ghent, 2004)

*     "Testing the Presence of Social Norms in Development Studies", Keynote Panel on the "Economic Sociology of Development", 75 Years of Development Research. (Conférence, Cornell University, 2004)

*     "Disciplining Local Leaders in Community-Based Development Programmes", 75 Years of Development Researchh (Conférence, Cornell University, 2004)

*     “Community-Based Development is Not a Panacea: Some Lessons from NGO Experiences” (Conférence, Washington DC, 2004). World Bank Conference on Politics and Service Delivery: When Do Governments Fail Voters?

*     “Collective Action Heterogeneous Loyalties, and Path Dependence: Micro-Evidence from Senegal” (Conférence, University of Oxford, 2004). Conference on "Growth, Poverty Reduction, and Human Development in Africa", Centre for Study of African Economies.

*     “Community Ties and Land inheritance in the Context of Rising Outside Opportunities: Evidence from the Peruvian Highlands” (Séminaire, Tinbergen Institute, Free University of Amsterdam, 2004)

*     “An Introduction to the Economic Analysis of Institutions” (United Nations, and the University of Torino, Itraly, 2004). A Series of Four Lectures, Training Programme jointly organized by the International Training Centre of the ILO.

*     "Disciplining Local Leaders in Community-Based Development", Joint Development Economics Seminar. (Séminaire, UCL (University College London) and LSE (London School of Economics), London, 2004)

*     “Effect of Aid on Inequality” (Conférence, Agence Française de Développement and EUDN, Paris, France, 2003)

*     “Elite Capture in Decentralized Development Programmes”, Conference on "Poverty, Inequality and Growth", Paris, 2003, EUDN (European Development Network) Scientific Meeting.

*     “Property Regimes and Efficiency in the Management of Natural Resources” (Séminaire, Institut du Développement Durable et des Relations Internationales, Paris, France, 2003)

*     Rushing to Help the Poor Through Participation May Be Self-Defeating, Development Policy Forum. (Séminaire, Berlin, 2003). World Bank Workshop on the Theme "Service Delivery to the Poor”.

*     “Institutional and Distributional Aspects of Sustainability in Community-Driven Development” (Conférence, The World Bank, Washington DC, 2003). Fifth OED Conference on Evaluation and Development - "Evaluating Development Effectiveness: Challanges and the Way Forward".

*     “Land and Conflict: the case of Rwanda” (OECD, Paris, France, 2003). OECD-USAID informal expert seminar on "Land, Conflict, and Development: What Role for Donor"?

*     “Participation, Inclusion, and Results” (Conférence, Bangalore, 2003). Fiftheenh Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics.

*     “Inequality and Efficiency of Collective Action” (Conférence, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, 2003). Keynote address at the VIIIrh Spring Meeting of Young Economists.

*     “Property Rights and Environmental Conservation” (Conférence, ISPRA, Milano, 2003). Meeting of Expert Group on Desertification European Commission.

*     “Inequality and Efficiency in the Commons” (Trieste, 2003).  First School on Ecological Economics, The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics.

*     “Market Order and Economic Development” (Séminaire, Ibidem, 2003)

*     “Property Regimes and Efficiency in the Management of Natural Resources” (Séminaire, University of Montpellier, 2003). Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique, Département des sciences économiques, sociales et de gestion.

*     “Participatory Development: Where Culture Creeps In” (World Bank, Washington DC, 2002). Conference on "Culture and Development".

*     “Strategic Behaviour and Mariage Payments: Theory and Evidence from Senegal. (Séminaire, Delta, Paris (France), 2002)

*     “Solidarity Norms and Institutions in Village Societies: Static and Dynamic Considerations” (University of Marseilles, 2002). Conference on "Altruism and Gift-Giving".

*     “Taking Africa Seriously: the Problem of State Formation in SubSaharan African Countries” (Conférence, Oxford University, 2002). Bi-Annual Conference on Africa, Centre for the Study of African Economies.

*     “Heterogeneous Loyalties and Collective Action : Micro-Evidence from Senegal” (Santa Fe Institute, New Mexico, 2001). Conference on "Inequality, Cooperation and Environmental Sustainability".

*     “Inequality and Efficiency in the Commons” (Conférence, Montréal, 2001). Cinquièmes Journées scientifiques du Réseau Analyse économique et développement de l'Aupelf-Uref.

*     « The Impact of Inequality on Collective Action in the Commons” (Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Wye, 2001). 74th International Seminar on “Livelihoods and Rural Poverty: Technology, Policy and Institutions”.

*     “The Determinants of Collective Action in Common Property Management” (Séminaire, Lund University, 2001)

*     “Heterogeneous Loyalties and Collective Action : Micro-Evidence from Senegal” (Conférence, Free University of Amsterdam, 2001). International Conference “People and the Sea: Maritime Research in the Social Sciences”.

*     “Property Rights and Trust as Critical Factors of Development”, August 2001; (FASID, Tokyo, Japan, 2001). A Series of Eight Lectures, PhD School on Economic Development, Foundation for Advanced Studies on International Development

*     “The Gradual Erosion of the Social Security Function of Customary Land Tenure Arrangements in Lineage-based Societies”, WIDER (World Institute for the Development Economics Research), Helsinki, 2001. Conference on "Insurance against Poverty".

*     “New Institutional Economics: Methods” (Concepts, and Limitations. University of Copenhagen, 2001). PhD Course on Social Capital in Development.

*     “The Equity Impact of Land Markets: Evidence from Uganda” (Oxford University, Department of Economics and Statistics, 2001)

*     “Strategic Behaviour and Marriage Payments: Theory and Evidence from Senegal” (Cornell University, Ithaca, 2001)

*     “Community Imperfections as an Obstacle to Participatory Development” (Conférence, World Bank, Washington DC, 2001). Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics.

*     “What Have We Learned About the Endogenous Development of Land Markets in Africa?” (Conférence, The World Bank, Washington, 2001). Consultative Meeting on Land Issues.

*     “Market Order Institutions and Economic Development” (Luxor, Egypt, 2001). A series of six lectures on “Local-level Participation in Resource Management”, Beijer Advanced Workshop on “Property Rights Structures and Environmental Resource Management".

*     “The Distributive Impact of Land Markets in Central Uganda” (University of California, Berkeley, 2001)

*     “Resource Misappropriation in Participatory Development Programmes” (State University of San Diego, 2001)

*     “Endogenous Community Imperfections and the Challenge of Decentralized Rural Development” (University of Southern California, Los Angeles, 2001)

*     “Community Imperfections and Participatory Development” (CERGE, Charles University, Prague, 2000)

*     “Community Imperfections and Participatory Development” (London School of Economics and Political Science, 2000).

*     “Communities as an Ambiguous Asset in Village Societies”  (Paris, 2000). Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics (ABCDE), World Bank

*     “Heterogeneity and Collective Action in Effort Regulation: Lessons from the Senegalese Small-Scale Fisheries” (University Bocconi, Molan, 2000)

*     “Land Tenure Security and Investment Incentives: Some Puzzling Evidence from Burkina Faso” (World Bank, Washington, Research Department, , 2000)

*     “Land Tenure Security and Investment Incentives: Some Puzzling Evidence from Burkina Faso” (Oxford University, 2000). Bi-Annual Conference on Africa, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE).

*     “A Critical Appraisal of the New Approaches to Institutions in Economics” (Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, 2000). Kurt Martin Lecture.

*     “Ethnic Cleavages and Grassroots Behaviour” (Berlin, 2000). Development Policy Forum on “The Institutional Foundations of a Market Economy”, World Bank Workshop.

*     “Impartible Inheritance Versus equal Division: A Comparative Perspective Centered on Europe and SubSaharan Africa” (Conférence, Santa Fe Institute, New Mexico, 2000)

*     “Can Economists Understand Institutions ? The New Institutional Economics Under Scrutiny” (Leuven, KUL, 1999)

*     Chaire Francqui Lectures around the theme “Institutions, Social Norms and Economic Development” (Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven , 1999) :9 décembre : leçon inaugurale ; 15 décembre : leçon sur le thème "Agrarian Contracts" ; 22 décembre : leçon sur le thème "Resource Endowments and Market Development"

*     “Access to Land and Social Protection for Women : the Case of Senegal  (Oxford University, 1999)

*     “Order, the Rule of Law, and Moral Norms”, Overseas Development Institute, Preparatory meeting for the High-Level Round Table of UNCTAD X on Trade and Development, 1999.

*     “Order, the Rule of Law and Moral Norms” (London, Overseas Development Institute, 1999). Preparatory meeting for the High-Level Round Table of UNCTAD X on Trade and Development.

*     “Collective Action for Resource Management : the Case of Coastal Fishermen Communities in Senegal” (Rome, FAO, 1999)

*     “Heterogeneous Loyalties and Collective Action : Micro-Evidence from Senegal” (FAO, Fisheries Department, Rome, 1999)

*     “Fighting Poverty Through Institutions and The NIE : Where to Go ?” (Washington, ISNIE Annual Conference, 1999)

*     Keynote address at the Annual Conference of the International Society for the New Institutional Economics (ISNIE. (Conférence, Washington, 1999)

*     “Collective Action for Resource Management : the Case of Coastal Fishermen Communities in Senegal”, Helsinki, WIDER (World Institute for Development Economics Research), 1999.

*     “Heterogeneous Loyalties and Collective Action : Micro-Evidence from Senegal” WIDER (World Institute for Development Economics Research), Helsinki, 1999, Workshop on Group Behaviour and Development.Access to Land and Social Protection for Women : the Case of Senegal” (Bonn, ZEF-Center for Development Research, 1999)

*     “Land Pressure and Marriage Payments” (ZEF, Center for Development Research, Bonn) 1999.

*     “How Traditional Sharing Norms Can Inhibit Economic Development ?” (Bruxelles, Communauté Economique Européenne, 1999)

*     “Coordination and Pooling Arrangements in Japanese Coastal Fisheries” (University of Amsterdam, Tinbergen Institute), 1999.

*     “Social Esteem and Heterogenity in Japanese Income Pooling Groups” (Tinbergen Institute, University of Amsterdam), 1999.

*     “Heterogeneity and Collective Action for Resource Management” (Washington, World Bank), 1999. Workshop on "Poverty, Environment, and Growth-Oriented Policies".

Impartible Inheritance versus Equal Division : A Comparative Perspective Centered on Europe and SubSaharan Africa (Rotterdam, Erasmus Universiteit), 1999.

*     Impartible Inheritance Versus equal Division: A Comparative Perspective Centered on Europe and SubSaharan Africa (Séminaire, Erasmus Universiteit, Rotterdam), 1999.

*     “Does Africa Need a Land Reform ?” (London, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)), 1999.

*     “Does Africa Need a land Reform?” (International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London, 1999). Conference on “Land Tenure Poverty and Sustainable Development in Sub-Saharan Africa”.

*     Dividing the Commons (Séminaire, Trivandrum, Centre for Development Studies, 1999)

*     enquêtes de terrain (Séjour à l'étranger, Trivandrum, Centre of Development Studies; Chennai,Madras Institute for Development, 1999)

*     Coordination and Pooling Arrangements in Japanese Coastal Fisheries (Séminaire, London School of Economics, 1999)

*     Collective Action and Village-Level Management of Natural Resources. (Séminaire, Centre for Development Studies, Trivandrum (India), 1999)

*     Community Arrangements to Overcome Market Failures: Pooling Groups in Japanese Fisheries. (Séminaire, London School of Economics and Political Science, 1999)

*     Allocating and Enforcing Property Rights in Land: Informal Versus Formal Mechanisms in SubSaharan Africa”. , Annual Conference of the Norwegian Political Economy Society, Oslo, December 1998. (Conférence, Oslo, 1998)

*     “Heterogeneity and Social Esteem in Income-Pooling Groups” (University of Toulouse, 1998). ARQADE-IDEI Conference “Industrial Organization and Development”.

*     “Dividing the Commons: Lessons from Economic Theory”, SOAS (School of Asian and African Studies), London, 1998.

*     “Dividing the Commons: Lessons from Economic Theory” (Bergen, 1998). CERES seminar on “Nature Dynamics, Scarcity of Natural Resources and Social Insecurity”.

*     “Land Tenure Security and Investment Incentives: Some Puzzling Evidence from Burkina Faso”. Annual Conference of the International Society for the New Institutional Economics (ISNIE), Paris, September 1998.

*     “Heterogeneity and Social Esteem in Income-Pooling Groups”(Paris, 1998). Workshop on “Norms and Evolution at the Grassroots of Asia”.

*     “Land Tenure Security and Investment Incentives: Some Puzzling Evidence from Burkina Faso” (Cornell University, Ithaca, 1998)

*     “Land Relations Under Stress : Rwanda Caught in the Malthusian Trap” (Philadelphia, 1998).  Special Session with the Board members of the World Bank.

*     “Impartible Inheritance Versus equal Division: A Comparative Perspective Centered on Europe and SubSaharan Africa”, WIDER Conference on “Land Access and Public Policy”, Santiago (Chile), 1998.

*     “Community Arrangements to Overcome Market Failures: Pooling Groups in Japanese Fisheries” (Stanford University, 1998), Workshop on “Norms and Evolution at the Grassroots of Asia”.

*     “Dividing the Commons: Assessing the New Institutional Economics of Property Rights” (American Economic Association, Chicago, 1998).

 

 

Thesis committees

 

I have participated in twenty-four PhD jury committees in the following institutions:

 

Vrije Universiteit Brussels;

Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium (three times);

Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium;

Vrije Universiteit, Brussels, Belgium ;

Fondation Universitaire Luxembourgeoise (FUL), Arlon, Belgium;

University of Clermont-Ferrand, France (two times);

University of Montpellier, Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Montpellier, France ;

Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris, France;

University of Oslo, Norway ;

Agricultural University of Norway, As, Norway;

London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom (three times);

Brunel University, United Kingdom;

University of Sussex, United Kingdom;

Free University of Amsterdam, Netherlands (three times);

University of Madras, India;

University of Wageningen, Netherlands.